Massachusetts School-to-College Report
Fitchburg High, Fitchburg, MA
High School Class of 
2005
April
2008
About this report
This report, created collaboratively by the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education and the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, provides postsecondary outcome data on students who graduated from your high school in 2005 and enrolled in a Massachusetts public college or university in fall 2005.  Every public high school with 10 or more graduates enrolling in public colleges will receive its own report.
We hope that these data will serve as a catalyst for discussion and action among your fellow educators, school board, and community in understanding the relationship between high school and college academic performance. Ultimately, this dialogue should help us reach our goal of college and career readiness and success for every graduate.
Questions this report can answer
How many of your graduates enrolled in public colleges and universities? Which institutions did they attend?  (See pages 2 and 6.)
How do enrollment patterns vary across student groups? (See pages 2 and 3.)
How many of your graduates enrolled in developmental (remedial) courses in college, and in what subjects? (See page 4.)
How many of your graduates re-enrolled for a second year?  (See page 5.)
This report was produced in part with the financial support of the National Governors Association and the Nellie Mae Foundation.
Understanding Your Report
The School-to-College Report is drawn from a new database that links public K–12 and higher education data. This report contains information on high school students who graduated or obtained a certificate of attainment from a Massachusetts public high school in spring 2005 and enrolled in a Massachusetts public postsecondary institution in fall 2005. This group of students will be referred to as the 2005 School-to-College Cohort throughout the report.
Please note that the report does not include information on students who attended private high schools in Massachusetts, nor on any public high school graduates who enroll in a Massachusetts private college or an out-of-state college or university.
Measures have been taken to comply with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) so that no combinations of data found in this report can be easily traced to an individual student.  Results based on counts of zero to five students have been suppressed and replaced with “na” (not available).
Please refer to Appendix A for additional information about the indicators and terms in this report and to Appendix B for frequently asked questions and answers.
Contact Information
For specific questions about the data and terminology used in this report, please e-mail school_to_college@bhe.mass.edu.
For general information concerning the School-to-College Report and college readiness initiatives, please contact:
Massachusetts Department of Higher Education
One Ashburton Place, Room 1401
Boston, MA 02108
http://www.mass.edu
617-994-6950
Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education
350 Main Street
Malden, MA 02148 
http://www.doe.mass.edu
781-338-3108
A state report summarizing statewide trends on these indicators is also available at  http://www.doe.mass.edu/research/reports/research.html and at http://www.mass.edu/reports/.
 A.Fall 
2005
 College Enrollment of 
2005
 Massachusetts Public High School Graduates
SchoolDistrictState
1.Number of public high school graduates in 2005
325
325
59,664
2.Number and percentage of high school graduates who enrolled
156
48%
156
48%
19,407
33%
as new students in public postsecondary education in fall 2005
B.
Characteristics of the 
2005
 School-to-College Cohort
3.
Characteristics of public high school graduates who enrolled at public postsecondary institutions as new students in fall 2005
SchoolDistrictState
a.African American
7%
7%
7%
Asian/Pacific Islander
10%
10%
5%
Hispanic
13%
13%
7%
White
70%
70%
81%
b.Female
59%
59%
53%
Male
41%
41%
47%
c.Limited English Proficient
11%
11%
5%
d.Low Income
31%
31%
17%
e.Special Education
6%
6%
12%
4.Number and percentage who enrolled as new students at public postsecondary institutions in fall 2005 by institution segment
SchoolDistrictState
#%#%#%
State University
13
8%
13
8%
5,871
30%
State College
58
37%
58
37%
4,924
25%
Community College
85
54%
85
54%
8,612
44%
Notes:
Throughout the report, results based on fewer than six students (including both raw numbers and calculated percentages) have been suppressed and replaced with "na" (not available).
The School-to-College Cohort are the students who graduated from a Massachusetts public high school and enrolled in a Massachusetts public postsecondary education institution.
 B.Characteristics of the 
2005
 School-to-College Cohort (continued)
5.Number and percentage who enrolled as new students at public postsecondary institutions in fall 2005 by institution segment and student characteristics
SchoolDistrictState
#%#%#%
African American
State University
na
na
na
na
315
24%
State College
na
na
na
na
236
18%
Community College
8
73%
8
73%
766
58%
Asian/Pacific Islander
State University
na
na
na
na
465
51%
State College
na
na
na
na
106
12%
Community College
8
53%
8
53%
349
38%
Hispanic
State University
na
na
na
na
217
16%
State College
na
na
na
na
217
16%
Community College
20
95%
20
95%
946
69%
White
State University
11
10%
11
10%
4,865
31%
State College
49
45%
49
45%
4,353
28%
Community College
49
45%
49
45%
6,533
41%
SchoolDistrictState
#%#%#%
Limited English Proficient
State University
na
na
na
na
262
25%
State College
na
na
na
na
132
13%
Community College
16
94%
16
94%
635
62%
Low Income
State University
na
na
na
na
764
23%
State College
8
16%
8
16%
534
16%
Community College
37
76%
37
76%
2,060
61%
Special Education
State University
na
na
na
na
281
12%
State College
na
na
na
na
399
17%
Community College
8
89%
8
89%
1,733
72%
 C.Academic Preparation of the 
2005
 School-to-College Cohort
SchoolDistrictState
6.Average cumulative high school GPA
3.1
3.1
3.1
7.Average SAT scores
Math
513
513
536
Verbal
520
520
526
Combined
1,033
1,033
1,061
8.Percent who took an AP course in high school
25%
25%
20%
Note: High school GPA and SAT scores are only available for those graduates who enrolled in a four-year public postsecondary institution.
D.
Enrollment of the 
2005
 School-to-College Cohort in Developmental Coursework
9.Percentage enrolled in developmental coursework during fall 2005 overall and by subject
SchoolDistrictState
Enrolled in one or more developmental subjects
47%
47%
37%
Enrolled in any developmental coursework by subject
Math
44%
44%
29%
Reading
14%
14%
11%
Writing
13%
13%
15%
Note: Students may enroll in more than one developmental subject per semester.
10.Percentage enrolled in developmental coursework during fall 2005 by student characteristics
SchoolDistrictState
a.African American
64%
64%
58%
Asian/Pacific Islander
47%
47%
33%
Hispanic
67%
67%
58%
White
42%
42%
33%
b.Limited English Proficient
71%
71%
50%
c.Low Income
49%
49%
52%
d.Special Education
67%
67%
62%
11.Percentage of students enrolled in developmental math by 10th grade MCAS mathematics performance level
SchoolDistrictState
Advanced
na
na
4%
Proficient
25%
25%
20%
Needs Improvement
66%
66%
50%
12.Percentage of students enrolled in developmental reading by 10th grade MCAS ELA performance level
Advanced
na
na
na
Proficient
1%
1%
4%
Needs Improvement
32%
32%
28%
 E.College Outcomes of the 
2005
 School-to-College Cohort
13.Number enrolled as first-time, full-time, degree-seeking, students in fall 2005 by segment
SchoolDistrictState
State University
13
13
5,725
State College
58
58
4,851
Community College
67
67
6,876
Total
138
138
17,452
Note: Counts may not match the counts in Item 4 because this table excludes students who initially enrolled as non-degree-seeking or less than full-time.
14.First-to-second year persistence rates of students who enrolled in fall 2005 as first-time, full-time, degree-seeking students
SchoolDistrictState
Overall persistence rate
68%
68%
81%
By postsecondary segment of initial institution
State University
92%
92%
92%
State College
86%
86%
88%
Community College
48%
48%
67%
Note: Persistence refers to students who enroll one fall and return the next fall, whether at the same institution or another public, private or out-of-state institution.
15.First-to-second year persistence rate by student characteristics
SchoolDistrictState
a.African American
78%
78%
74%
Asian/Pacific Islander
31%
31%
83%
Hispanic
44%
44%
69%
White
76%
76%
82%
b.Limited English Proficient
38%
38%
80%
c.Low Income
48%
48%
71%
d.Special Education
50%
50%
74%
 E.College Outcomes of the 
2005
 School-to-College Cohort (continued)
16.Average college GPA earned during first year by student characteristics
SchoolDistrictState
Overall
2.9
2.9
2.8
a.African American
na
na
2.5
Asian/Pacific Islander
na
na
2.8
Hispanic
3.3
3.3
2.5
White
2.9
2.9
2.8
b.Limited English Proficient
na
na
2.7
c.Low Income
3.1
3.1
2.6
d.Special Education
na
na
2.4
17.Average number of college credits earned during first year by student characteristics
SchoolDistrictState
Overall
27.2
27.2
26.5
a.African American
na
na
22.8
Asian/Pacific Islander
na
na
27.2
Hispanic
27.7
27.7
23.3
White
27.6
27.6
26.9
b.Limited English Proficient
na
na
24.5
c.Low Income
27.4
27.4
23.6
d.Special Education
na
na
22.3
Notes: College outcomes are reported for first-time, full-time, degree-seeking students who returned to their original institution in fall 2006. A typical full-time student enrolls in 12 to 15 credits per semester.
  F.
Enrollment by Institution of the 
2005
 School-to-College Cohort
18.Top public postsecondary institutions where your high school graduates enrolled
Postsecondary InstitutionsNumber of Students Enrolled
Mt. Wachusett Community College82
Fitchburg State College44
Worcester State College12
University of Massachusetts Amherst12
Quinsigamond Community College3
Appendix A: Important definitions and notes
New students are defined as students who had never registered at their current postsecondary institution prior to 2005.
First-time, full-time, degree-seeking students are defined as first-time students who enrolled full-time in a degree program at a postsecondary educational institution in Massachusetts. This definition excludes new students who are non-degree-seeking or enrolled less than full-time.
Limited English Proficient students were identified as having limited English proficiency while in high school.
Low income students were eligible for free or reduced-price lunches in their senior year in high school.
Special education students received special education services while in high school.
Segment refers to the category of public institution attended: community college, state college, or state university. 
Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) levels refer to a student's highest level of achievement on the grade 10 mathematics and English language arts (ELA) tests.
Average cumulative high school GPA is the GPA reported by the postsecondary institution at the time the student was admitted. High school GPA is not available for students enrolled at community colleges; these institutions have an open enrollment policy and therefore do not collect this information.
SAT scores are those reported at the time the student was admitted. If more than one set of SAT scores was received, the student’s highest score is reported. SAT scores are not available for students enrolled at community colleges.
Advanced Placement (AP) courses shows whether or not a student took at least one AP course in high school, as reported to the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.
Developmental courses are designed to prepare students for college-level work.  Developmental course credits do not count toward a degree. Students generally enroll in these courses based on their performance on placement exams.
Enrolled in developmental coursework refers to students who were enrolled in at least one developmental course in the fall semester. Developmental courses may cover a single subject or multiple subjects and may meet for a full academic term or less.
Persistence (also called retention) refers to students who enroll one fall and return the next fall anywhere, whether at the same institution or another public, private or out-of-state institution.  Persistence rates are available only for first-time, full-time, degree-seeking students.
Average college GPA is only reported for first-time, full-time, degree-seeking students who persisted at their original postsecondary institution and reflects the GPA earned during the first year.  Data on transfer students are not included.
Average credits earned are only reported for first-time, full-time, degree-seeking students who persisted at their original postsecondary institution and reflect credits earned during the first year.
Enrollment by institution shows the top five public postsecondary institutions where new students enroll. The list may include up to eight schools because of ties.
Appendix B: Frequently Asked Questions
Why are we receiving class of 2005 data now?  When will future reports be available?
To provide meaningful data on college outcomes, such as credits earned and persistence rates, we must follow students for at least one year after they have enrolled in college. Future reports will generally be delivered each spring approximately two years after the cohort’s high school graduation.
Why doesn’t this report include college graduation rates?
Most of the class of 2005 will not yet have completed their degree programs, so college graduation rates are not yet meaningful for this group. 
A lot of information appears to be missing from my high school’s report. Why is this?
In order to protect student confidentiality, results based on fewer than six students (including both raw numbers and calculated percentages) have been suppressed and replaced with "na" (not available).
Can I get my school’s data in another format?
Schools are invited to request additional comparisons of aggregate data. Student data confidentiality laws prevent us from providing schools with college enrollment and performance data for individual students.
For the persistence indicator, how can you track the enrollment of students who transfer to an out-of-state or private institution? Can you track the enrollment of my school’s graduates at these institutions?
The Department of Higher Education contracts with the National Student Clearinghouse to track students who enroll at public postsecondary institutions in Massachusetts and then leave to enroll at another institution of higher education including private and out-of-state institutions. High schools interested in tracking their own graduates should contact the National Student Clearinghouse at      http://www.studentclearinghouse.org/highschools/default.htm.
How many public colleges and universities are there in Massachusetts? 
Massachusetts has 29 public postsecondary institutions: 15 community colleges, 9 state colleges, and 5 University of Massachusetts campuses. Data for the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester are not included in this report because it only enrolls graduate students.
Community Colleges (CC)
Berkshire  CC, Bristol CC, Bunker Hill CC, Cape Cod CC, Greenfield CC, Holyoke CC,
Massachusetts Bay CC, Massasoit CC, Middlesex CC, Mount Wachusett CC, North Shore CC, Northern Essex CC, Quinsigamond CC, Roxbury CC, Springfield Technical CC
State Colleges (SC)
Bridgewater SC, Fitchburg SC, Framingham SC, Massachusetts College of Art and Design, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts, Massachusetts Maritime Academy, Salem SC, Westfield SC, Worcester SC
State University Campuses
University of Massachusetts Amherst, University of Massachusetts Boston, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, University of Massachusetts Lowell, University of Massachusetts Worcester