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Performance Indicators

The following indicators for the state and community colleges have been approved by the Board of Higher Education for inclusion in the annual Performance Measurement Report.

Indicators  Description State College  Community College
Fall Enrollment Headcount
Fall Enrollment FTE 
Fall Headcount is used as a measure of student population at the traditional peak entry time. Fall Full-Time Equivalency (FTE) indicates the mix of full-time and part-time students at the institution’s peak entry time. 
Annual Enrollment Headcount Annual Enrollment FTE  Annual Headcount reflects the population of students in all terms throughout the academic year. Annual Full-Time Equivalency (FTE) indicates the mix of full-time and part-time students who are enrolled at any point throughout the year.  Yes Yes
Minority Enrollment  Minority Headcount Enrollment is compared with the minority composition of the geographic region in which the institution resides. These regions are defined by the cities and towns where the first 80% of an institution's student population resides. Yes Yes
Community College Transfer Students  The number of students who enter Massachusetts four-year institutions after having been previously enrolled at a Massachusetts community college, an indication of collaboration between the two segments.  Yes No
Affordability Indicators 
Percent of aid-eligible students who had their need (Direct Costs – Expected Family Contribution) covered by financial aid The target for this measure is that at least 85% of eligible students receive aid to meet direct costs. Direct Costs = mandatory tuition and fees + insurance + books & supplies. Yes Yes
Tuition and fees as a percent of median family income  This indicator measures full-time tuition and mandatory fees as a percentage of median family income, as sourced from the US Census Bureau American Community Survey 2004.  Yes Yes
Student Success and Quality Indicators
First-Year Retention Rate  The number of first-time, full-time new freshmen who return to the same institution in the fall following their first year.  Yes Yes
Fall-to-Spring Retention Rate The percent of first-time and transfer degree-seeking students enrolled in a fall term (not enrolled in any ESL coursework) who earn nine or more credits by the end of the fall term and re-enroll in credit courses the subsequent spring semester. No Yes
Six-Year Graduation Rate  The source for this indicator is the Graduation Rate Survey of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). The entering cohort includes first-time, full-time, degree-seeking students. Graduation is limited to graduation from initial institution. Nationally, six years is the traditional time for measuring graduation rates at four-year institutions.  Yes No
Credit Course Completion Rate The percent of students enrolled in credit courses that attempted to earn credit and successfully completed the course(s) and earned the credit(s). No Yes
Degrees Conferred  All degrees and certificates conferred during the fiscal year.  Yes Yes
Pass Rate for the Massachusetts Test for Educator Licensure (MTEL)  Passing the MTEL exam is required for teacher certification. Pass rates on this exam for first-time test-takers are measured as an indication of academic quality and learning outcomes. The source for this indicator is the Massachusetts Department of Education.  Yes  
Pass Rate for the National Nursing Licensure Examination Passing the the National Council Licensure Exam (NCLEX) is required to become a registered nurse. Pass rates on this exam for first-time
test-takers are measured as an indication of academic quality and learning outcomes.
(The inclusion of repeat test takers would increase the annual pass rate.) A higher passing standard was instituted in 2004 for this exam. As a result, the average pass rates for Massachusetts community colleges fell slightly
from 2003. The source for this indicator is the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Nursing, National Council of State Boards of Nursing.
No Yes
Special Admission Students  Special Admits are students who have been admitted to a Massachusetts state college, but have not met the minimum admissions standards approved by the Board of Higher Education. Each institution is required to limit special admits to 10% of the new student population.  Yes No
Enrollment in Workforce Development Courses The provision of non-credit workforce development instruction is one way community colleges serve an important economic development role in their community. No Yes
Effectiveness and Efficiency Indicators
Independent Financial Audit All Massachusetts state and community colleges are required to undergo an independent annual audit of their fiscal practices. A positive audit has an unqualified opinion and no material findings. Yes Yes
Operating Revenue allocated to Capital Adaptation and Renewal Percent of revenue utilized for capital projects, based on a rolling three-year average. At least 5% of operating revenue should be allocated for this purpose. Yes Yes
Institutional Support Costs per Headcount Institutional Support Costs include the day-to-day operational support expenses, with the exception of physical plant operations. The source for this indicator is the Finance Survey of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Yes Yes
Institutional Support Costs as a percent of Total Educational and
General Expenditures
See above. Yes Yes
Private Funds raised and Matching Funds received In times of shrinking budgets, public institutions of higher education are increasingly expected to seek additional external sources of funds. Matching funds were provided by the Legislature in 2005. Yes Yes
Institutional Endowment See above. Yes No



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