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APPENDIX D: SURVEY QUESTIONS AND RESULTS

Part 1. Campus Characterization

1. Which of the following best describes your campus environment?

Count Percent
Inner-City 7 28%
Urban 7 28%
Suburban 7 28%
Semi-Rural 3 12%
Rural 1 4%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

2. How many buildings are located within the campus? Select the closest range.

Count Percent
1-5 2 8%
6-9 9 36%
10-19 6 24%
20-29 5 20%
30 or more 3 12%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

3. Does your campus contain leased buildings or facilities?

Count Percent
Yes 13 54%
No 11 46%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

4. If you answered yes to No. 3 above, select the range that is closest to the number of leased buildings on your campus.

Count Percent
1-5 13 100%
6-9 0 0%
10-19 0 0%
20-29 0 0%
30 or more 0 0%
Total 13
NA/Skip 12

5. What is the total land area in acres of the entire campus? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1-10 1 4%
11-24 3 13%
25 or more 20 83%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

6. What is the approximate total square footage of academic and administrative facilities excluding student housing? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
50K - 99,999 0 0%
100K - 249,999 1 5%
250K - 499,999 9 41%
500K - 1M 10 46%
More than 1M 2 9%
Total 22
NA/Skip 3

7. What is the approximate total square footage of student housing facilities owned and operated by the institution? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
10K - 24,999 1 14%
25K - 50K 1 14%
More than 50K 5 71%
Total 7
NA/Skip 18

8. What is the total student population (undergraduate and graduate combined)? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1 - 499 0 0%
500 - 999 0 0%
1,000 - 2,499 5 21%
2,500 - 5,000 4 17%
More than 5,000 15 63%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

9. What is the total faculty and staff population excluding safety, fire department and security personnel? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1-24 0 0%
25-49 0 0%
50-99 0 0%
100-200 0 0%
More than 200 24 100%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

Throughout the survey, we use the terms “police” and “security” interchangeably. In the report, however, we rightly distinguish between campus police officers and security officers. We strongly recommend that anyone who uses this survey instrument in the future make this distinction within the survey.

10. What is the total police/security and safety staff population? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1-9 6 24%
10-24 13 52%
25-50 4 16%
More than 50 2 8%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

11. Does your campus have a dedicated security or police command center facility?

Count Percent
Yes 19 76%
No 6 24%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

12. Does your campus have a fire department/EMS facility on site?

Count Percent
Yes 0 0%
No 25 100%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

13. If you answered yes to No. 12 above, what is the total population of the fire department? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1-9 0 0%
10-24 0 0%
25-50 0 0%
More than 50 0 0%
Total 0  
NA/Skip 25  

Part 2: Prevention and Early Detection

14. Do your campus residential staff receive mental health training?

Count Percent
Yes 10 77%
No 3 23%
Total 13
NA/Skip 12

15. Do student affairs personnel receive mental health training?

Count Percent
Yes 11 48%
No 12 52%
Total 23
NA/Skip 2

16. Do student health staff receive mental health training?

Count Percent
Yes 16 80%
No 4 20%
Total 20
NA/Skip 5

17. Does the faculty receive mental health training?

Count Percent
Yes 5 22%
No 18 78%
Total 23
NA/Skip 2

18. Does your campus have an Employee Assistance Program (EAP) for faculty and staff?

Count Percent
Yes 25 100%
No 0 0%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

19. Does your campus have an EAP for graduate assistants?

Count Percent
Yes 3 20%
No 12 80%
Total 15
NA/Skip 10

20. Does your campus have an EAP for contract workers?

Count Percent
Yes 10 53%
No 9 47%
Total 19
NA/Skip 6

21. If you answered yes to No. 18, 19, or 20 above, is there a documented protocol for referrals to the EAP?

Count Percent
Yes 16 76%
No 5 24%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

22. Are there on-campus mental health services available to students?

Count Percent
Yes 20 83%
No 4 17%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

23. Are there on-campus mental health services available to faculty/staff?

Count Percent
Yes 9 38%
No 15 63%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

24. If you answered yes to No. 22 and/or 23 above, do you provide specialized services (e.g., substance abuse, suicide prevention, eating disorders, etc.), or just generalized mental health services?

Count Percent
Specialized services 12 57%
Only generalized services 9 43%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

25. Is there a student-in-need referral program?

Count Percent
Yes 21 91%
No 2 9%
Total 23
NA/Skip 2

26. Are mental health counselors able to see students immediately (i.e., same day) on an urgent/crisis basis?

Count Percent
Yes 18 82%
No 4 18%
Total 22
NA/Skip 3

27. If you answered yes to No. 26 above, how many urgent cases were seen in calendar year 2007? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
Less than 10 4 25%
11-24 8 50%
25-50 1 6%
More than 50 3 19%
Total 16
NA/Skip 9

28. After an initial urgent/crisis counseling session, what is the average waiting period (# of days) before a student is scheduled for regular counseling sessions during peak usage periods (e.g., final exams)? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
Less than 5 16 89%
5-9 2 11%
10-14 0 0%
More than 2 weeks 0 0%
Total 18
NA/Skip 7

29. In general, what is the current waiting period (# of days) for non-emergency appointments to your counseling center? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
Less than 5 13 68%
5-9 3 16%
10-14 3 16%
More than 2 weeks 0 0%
Total 19
NA/Skip 6

30. Do you have a psychiatrist on staff or readily available?

Count Percent
Yes 5 23%
No 17 77%
Total 22
NA/Skip 3

31. If you answered yes to No. 30 above, how many psychiatrists provide primary treatment, counseling, and related mental health services to students?

Count Percent
Total 5 20%
NA/Skip 20 80%
Mean = 1.2

32. How many psychologists provide primary treatment, counseling, and related mental health services to students?

Count Percent
Total 14 56%
NA/Skip 11 44%
Mean = 0.8

33. How many social workers provide primary treatment, counseling, and related mental health services to students?

Count Percent
Total 16 64%
NA/Skip 9 36%
Mean = 1.4

34. Is your counseling center accredited?

Count Percent
Yes 2 10%
No 19 91%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

35. What is your current student to counseling staff ratio? Fill in the blank: _____ to 1

Count Percent
Total 19 76%
NA/Skip 6 24%
Mean = 1986

36. Do you provide mental health services to students outside of regular weekday business hours – i.e., evenings and weekends?

Count Percent
Yes 6 27%
No 16 73%
Total 22
NA/Skip 3

37. If you answered yes to No. 36 above, are those services on-campus or off-campus (i.e., community-based)?

Count Percent
On-campus 6 100%
Community-based 0 0%
Total 6
NA/Skip 19

38. Does the university/college provide follow-up services to students outside of scheduled counseling services?

Count Percent
Yes 13 62%
No 8 38%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

39. Has your university/college seen an increase in students with severe psychological problems in recent years?

Count Percent
Yes 21 91%
No 2 9%
Total 23
NA/Skip 2

40. How many students reportedly attempted suicide in calendar year 2007?

Count Percent
Total 19 76%
NA/Skip 6 24%
Mean = 2.6

41. How many students committed suicide in calendar year 2007?

Count Percent
Total 20 80%
NA/Skip 5 20%
Mean = 0.1

42. Does the student health center and/or counseling center use a standardized evidence-based mental health assessment tool?

Count Percent
Yes 7 35%
No 13 65%
Total 20
NA/Skip 5

43. Once a student is identified as a risk by the student health or counseling center, is there a mechanism in place to assess the level of risk and urgency for referral to expert mental health professionals?

Count Percent
Yes 19 91%
No 2 10%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

44. Does your college/university submit potentially violent writings, drawings and other forms of individual expression to a forensic behavioral science expert for review?

Count Percent
Yes 4 19%
No 17 81%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

45. Once an assessment is completed, is there a documented protocol for providing confidential or privileged information to university/college authorities?

Count Percent
Yes 12 57%
No 9 43%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

46. Does your university/college financially support peer-to-peer student support organizations that are dedicated to the mental health of college students?

Count Percent
Yes 3 14%
No 19 86%
Total 22
NA/Skip 3

47. Does anyone at your institution have a detailed understanding of HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)?

Count Percent
Yes 21 96%
No 1 5%
Total 22
NA/Skip 3

48. Does anyone at your institution have a detailed understanding of FERPA (Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act)?

Count Percent
Yes 23 100%
No 0 0%
Total 23
NA/Skip 2

Part 4: Security and Safety Technology

49. Does your campus utilize a campus-wide master key system?

Count Percent
Yes 20 83%
No 4 17%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

50. Are classroom and office doors equipped with interior locking devices?

Count Percent
Yes 7 30%
No 16 70%
Total 23
NA/Skip 2

51. Are exterior doors on campus in need of repair or replacement?

Count Percent
Yes 14 58%
No 10 42%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

52. Are all exterior doors on dorms able to be closed and locked?

Count Percent
Yes 10 91%
No 1 9%
Total 11
NA/Skip 14

53. Have lever bar action door latches (which can be chained together) been replaced?

Count Percent
Yes 9 39%
No 14 61%
Total 23
NA/Skip 2

54. Does your campus utilize an automated key management system?

Count Percent
Yes 9 38%
No 15 63%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

55. Does your campus use a universal ID card system for students, faculty and staff?

Count Percent
Yes 16 67%
No 8 33%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

56. Does your campus utilize a campus-wide physical access control system? (e.g., a system whereby exterior doors can be locked remotely.)

Count Percent
Yes 6 25%
No 18 75%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

57. Does your campus utilize a campus-wide CCTV system?

Count Percent
Yes 11 46%
No 13 54%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

58. If you answered yes to No. 57 above, approximately how many CCTV cameras are deployed on your campus? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1-24 4 31%
25-49 6 46%
50-100 2 15%
More than 100 1 8%
Total 13
NA/Skip 12

59. Are there emergency call stations (Code Blue or similar) deployed at your campus?

Count Percent
Yes 20 80%
No 5 20%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

60. If you answered yes to No. 59 above, approximately how many emergency call stations are deployed on your campus? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1-9 4 21%
10-20 8 42%
More than 20 7 37%
Total 19
NA/Skip 6

61. Do your classrooms, lecture halls or laboratories have emergency signaling capability (e.g., emergency call stations, intercom stations or assistance stations)?

Count Percent
Yes 6 24%
No 19 76%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

62. If you answered yes to No. 61 above, approximately how many emergency signaling devices are deployed on your campus? Choose the range that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
1-9 1 17%
10-50 1 17%
More than 50 4 67%
Total 6
NA/Skip 19

63. If you answered yes to No. 61 above, where are emergency or intercom signals announced? Choose the answer that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
At One Command Center 3 43%
At Each Building 0 0%
At Various Locations 4 57%
Total 7
NA/Skip 18

64. Does your campus utilize a campus-wide radio communication system (e.g., portable radios, base stations or vehicle mounted mobile radios)?

Count Percent
Yes 23 96%
No 1 4%
Total 24
NA/Skip 1

65. If you answered yes to No. 64 above, are your radio communications interoperable between Security and Fire/Rescue personnel?

Count Percent
Yes 12 57%
No 9 43%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

66. If you answered yes to No. 64 above, are your radio communications interoperable between Security and local Police Department personnel?

Count Percent
Yes 13 59%
No 9 41%
Total 22
NA/Skip 3

67. If you answered yes to No. 64 above, are your radio communications interoperable between Security and Federal Law Enforcement or Emergency Management personnel?

Count Percent
Yes 7 33%
No 14 67%
Total 21
NA/Skip 4

Part 6: Campus Security Department

68. Are security officers trained in emergency first aid and CPR?

Count Percent
Yes 25 100%
No 0 0%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

69. Are any of your security officers sworn police officers?

Count Percent
Yes 20 80%
No 5 20%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

70. If you answered yes to No. 69 above, what is the total number of sworn police officers in your security department?

Count Percent
Total 20 80%
NA/Skip 5 20%
Mean = 15.7

71. What is the total number of officers (including both sworn and non-sworn) in your security department?

Count Percent
Total 23 92%
NA/Skip 2 8%
Mean = 18.3

72. Do security officers carry firearms?

Count Percent
Yes 8 32%
No 17 68%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

73. Do security officers carry "less than lethal" weapons?

Count Percent
Yes 21 84%
No 4 16%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

74. Do security officers have the equipment required to forcibly enter a locked building or room?

Count Percent
Yes 5 20%
No 20 80%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

75. Are security offcers given mental health training?

Count Percent
Yes 12 48%
No 13 52%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

76. Are security officers trained on active shooter reponse tactics?

Count Percent
Yes 13 52%
No 12 48%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

77. If you answered yes to No. 76 above, are students involved in the drills?

Count Percent
Yes 0 0%
No 15 100%
Total 15
NA/Skip 10

78. Has your institution conducted any school shooter drills?

Count Percent
Yes 9 36%
No 16 64%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

79. Is public safety part of the student orientation process?

Count Percent
Yes 20 80%
No 5 20%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

80. Does your institution have an anonymous tip hotline?

Count Percent
Yes 9 36%
No 16 64%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

81. Has your institution conducted a vulnerability assessment?

Count Percent
Yes 3 12%
No 22 88%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

82. If you answered yes to No. 81 above, how long ago was the vulnerability assessment conducted? Choose the answer that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
Within the last 6 months 1 33%
Within the last year 1 33%
Within the last 2 years 1 33%
Within the last 5 years 0 0%
More than 5 years ago 0 0%
Total 3
NA/Skip 22

Part 7: Mass Notification Technology

83. Does your campus have mass notification technology? (If your answer is No, please skip to the next page of the survey).

Count Percent
Yes 25 100%
No 0 0%
Total 25
NA/Skip 0

84. Does your campus have a wide area paging system?

Count Percent
Yes 9 38%
No 15 63%
Total 24  
NA/Skip 1  

85. Does your campus have a wide area siren system such as used for civil defense or storm emergency warnings?

Count Percent
Yes 1 4%
No 23 96%
Total 24  
NA/Skip 1  

86. Does your campus have an e-mail emergency notification system?

Count Percent
Yes 24 96%
No 1 4%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

87. Does your campus have an emergency text message broadcast system?

Count Percent
Yes 23 92%
No 2 8%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

88. Does your campus have an automated telephone message broadcast system?

Count Percent
Yes 24 96%
No 1 4%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

89. Has your mass notification system ever been used before (either in an actual emergency or as an exercise)?

Count Percent
Yes 19 76%
No 6 24%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

90. Does the mass notification system for faculty/staff differ from that for students?

Count Percent
Yes 3 12%
No 22 88%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

91. Is there a formal policy for use of the emergency notification system?

Count Percent
Yes 17 68%
No 8 32%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

92. Does the school administration have a system for screening student applicants (i.e., pre-entry screening) to obtain appropriate special education, disciplinary, criminal, and mental health records?

Count Percent
Yes 8 36%
No 14 64%
Total 22  
NA/Skip 3  

93. Does your school have a policy regarding what staff/ faculty should do if they have a concern about a student or colleague who appears to have the potential for becoming violent?

Count Percent
Yes 15 68%
No 7 32%
Total 22  
NA/Skip 3  

94. If you answered yes to No. 93 above, please describe what this policy entails.

Count Percent
Total 16 64%
NA/Skip 9 36%

95. Have staff and faculty been specifically trained to recognize risk factors for students/ employees who may pose a risk of violence?

Count Percent
Yes 7 30%
No 16 70%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

96. Does your college/university have a policy regarding evaluations of students/employees who have been identified by faculty/staff as needing a mental health evaluation?

Count Percent
Yes 8 36%
No 14 64%
Total 22  
NA/Skip 3  

97. If you answered yes to No. 96 above, please describe the policy.

Count Percent
Total 8 32%
NA/Skip 17 68%

98. Is there a policy regarding how to handle a student who refuses a voluntary evaluation?

Count Percent
Yes 11 48%
No 12 52%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

99. If you answered yes to No. 98 above, please describe the policy.

Count Percent
Total 11 44%
NA/Skip 14 56%

100. Do you have a program for training particular faculty, staff and students for special responsibility in security awareness and procedures (passing on critical information, securing the classroom, acting as fire wardens, etc.) in response to crises?

Count Percent
Yes 10 44%
No 13 57%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

101. Does the campus police department or security force have an "Active Shooter" plan?

Count Percent
Yes 16 64%
No 9 36%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

102. Does the police department or security force regularly conduct practical training exercises for response to an active shooter (and other disturbances) on campus?

Count Percent
Yes 13 52%
No 12 48%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

103. If you answered yes to No. 102 above, how often are these exercises conducted? Choose the answer that most closely matches your campus.

Count Percent
Monthly 0 0%
A few times a year 4 31%
Annually 8 62%
Less often than once a year 1 8%
Total 13  
NA/Skip 12  

104. Is there a mutual aid agreement with neighboring public safety services and joint training efforts with them?

Count Percent
Yes 16 67%
No 8 33%
Total 24  
NA/Skip 1  

105. Is there a Student Code of Conduct and a judicial function in place to deal with code violations?

Count Percent
Yes 25 100%
No 0 0%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

106. Have you been in touch with Homeland Security and similar state agencies to determine resources available for planning, training and assistance during crises?

Count Percent
Yes 19 76%
No 6 24%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

107. Do you have a policy regarding Clery Act Compliance?

Count Percent
Yes 25 100%
No 0 0%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

108. Do you have a policy to deal with bringing weapons onto campus?

Count Percent
Yes 25 100%
No 0 0%
Total 25  
NA/Skip 0  

109. Do you have a procedure and physical method to secure (lockdown) buildings that are vulnerable to attack?

Count Percent
Yes 7 29%
No 17 71%
Total 24  
NA/Skip 1  

110. In warning of a violent act committed on campus, is it your policy to specify what has taken place?

Count Percent
Yes 17 71%
No 7 29%
Total 24  
NA/Skip 1  

Part 10: Threat Assessment and Response

111. In the event of a critical incident, does your college/university have a written Emergency Response Plan?

Count Percent
Yes 24 100%
No 0 0%
Total 24  
NA/Skip 1  

112. If you answered yes to No. 111 above, does the plan describe a Threat Assessment Team (TAT), the positions and functions?

Count Percent
Yes 15 65%
No 8 35%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

113. If your school does not have a TAT plan, proceed to the next page of the survey. Does the school policy define and give examples of dangerous behaviors to be reported to the TAT? (The remaining questions all pertain to the TAT.)

Count Percent
Yes 10 71%
No 4 29%
Total 14  
NA/Skip 11  

114. Who comprises the TAT? (Check all that apply)

Count Percent
School Administration 16 94%
Mental Health 12 71%
Legal Representatives 2 12%
Law Enforcement Representatives 14 82%
Others 12 71%
Total 17  
NA/Skip 8  

115. Does the TAT plan emphasize sharing information among university personnel and team participants?

Count Percent
Yes 15 94%
No 1 6%
Total 16  
NA/Skip 9  

116. Does the TAT plan define the roles and duties of each TAT participant?

Count Percent
Yes 10 63%
No 6 38%
Total 16  
NA/Skip 9  

117. Is there an attorney on the TAT to discuss privacy and confidentiality issues, and to facilitate obtaining judicial injunctions, Temporary Restraining Orders, and assist in preparing legal documents to deal with potentially dangerous situations?

Count Percent
Yes 4 25%
No 12 75%
Total 16  
NA/Skip 9  

118. Does the mental health representative of the TAT have prearranged plans for the evaluation and hospitalization of students/employees who may pose a danger to themselves or other persons?

Count Percent
Yes 9 75%
No 3 25%
Total 12  
NA/Skip 13  

119. Does the TAT plan allow for the immediate removal from the population of potentially dangerous persons?

Count Percent
Yes 14 88%
No 2 13%
Total 16  
NA/Skip 9  

120. Does the TAT plan outline a system that can be used by faculty, staff, students and visitors to report incidents?

Count Percent
Yes 13 81%
No 3 19%
Total 16  
NA/Skip 9  

121. The next several questions refer to your school's Emergency Response Plan. If you do not have an ERP, proceed to Question No. 126. How often is the ERP reviewed for changes in conditions, personnel and positions? Choose the answer that most closely matches your current policy.

Count Percent
Quarterly 3 14%
Semi-Annually 3 14%
Annually 12 55%
Less than once a year 4 18%
Total 22  
NA/Skip 3  

122. When was the ERP last updated? Choose the answer that best matches your campus.

Count Percent
Within the last 6 months 14 61%
Within the last year 7 30%
Within the last 5 years 2 9%
More than 5 years ago 0 0%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

123. Do all individuals with a role to play in the ERP have access to the plan (written copies, on-line, etc.)?

Count Percent
Yes 22 96%
No 1 4%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

124. Does the ERP include easily accessible emergency telephone numbers of the appropriate persons to notify in the event of crises?

Count Percent
Yes 21 91%
No 2 9%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

125. Does the ERP outline a notification system (with backup plans) for alerting the campus to danger or announcing other vital information?

Count Percent
Yes 15 65%
No 8 35%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

126. Does your school have an organized, trained behavioral health trauma response team?

Count Percent
Yes 8 35%
No 15 65%
Total 23  
NA/Skip 2  

127. If you answered yes to No. 126 above, does the team meet on a periodic basis to role play scenarios or conduct table top exercises?

Count Percent
Yes 4 50%
No 4 50%
Total 8  
NA/Skip 17  

128. If you answered yes to No. 126 above, is the team on-campus or off-campus?

Count Percent
On-campus 5 71%
Off-campus 2 29%
Total 7  
NA/Skip 18  

129. If you answered yes to No. 126 above and the team is on-campus, has the team been trained by a recognized trauma response team?

Count Percent
Yes 4 67%
No 2 33%
Total 6  
NA/Skip 19  

130. If you answered yes to No. 126 above and are using an off-campus team, has that team been fully oriented to the culture & resources of the college/ university?

Count Percent
Yes 1 33%
No 2 67%
Total 3  
NA/Skip 22  

131. If you answered yes to No. 126 above, are members of the behavioral health response team trained to understand cultural concerns as they relate to reacting to trauma?

Count Percent
Yes 5 100%
No 0 0%
Total 5  
NA/Skip 20  

132. Does your campus have an emergency medical services (EMS) response capability?

Count Percent
Yes 13 59%
No 9 41%
Total 22  
NA/Skip 3  

133. Is there a mutual aid agreement with neighboring medical response services and joint training efforts with them?

Count Percent
Yes 11 52%
No 10 48%
Total 21  
NA/Skip 4  

>> Next Section: Appendix E. Supplementary Articles from Research Team

 

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