The yearly budget for the Department of Higher Education and the community colleges, state universities and UMass system is determined by the process laid out below. Click on the buttons for details on the FY25 budget for Massachusetts public higher education. You can also learn more about the statewide FY24 budget.
December 2023— The Massachusetts Board of Higher Education issues its funding recommendations to the Executive Office of Education.
January 2024— The budget begins as a bill that the Governor submits to the House of Representatives.
March 2024— Commissioner Ortega and other education leaders testify at the Joint Committee on Ways & Means hearing on the education components of Governor Healey’s budget request.
April 2024— The House Ways and Means Committee reviews the Governor's budget and then develops its own recommendation. Once debated, amended and voted on by the full House, it becomes the final House budget bill and moves to the Senate.
May 2024— The Senate Ways and Means Committee reviews the Governor's budget and then develops its own recommendation. Once debated, amended and voted on by the full Senate, it becomes the final Senate budget bill.
June 2024— House and Senate leadership assign members to a "Conference Committee" to negotiate the differences between the House and Senate bills. The conference committee report can only be approved or rejected; no additional amendments can be made.
Once approved by both chambers of the Legislature, the Governor has ten days to review the Conference Committee budget. The Governor may approve or veto the entire budget, or may veto or reduce particular line items or sections, but may not add anything. Then, the House and Senate may vote to override the Governor's vetoes. Overrides require a two-thirds roll-call vote in each chamber.
July 2024— The final budget, also known as the General Appropriations Act (GAA), goes into effect on July 1, 2024 when the 2025 Fiscal Year begins.