The Open Educational Resources (OER) initiative grew out of recommendations from the Commissioner’s OER Work Group and aims to expand OER use on campuses and provide advice and counsel to the DHE for statewide implementation.
Robert J. Awkward, Ph.D.,
Assistant Commissioner for Academic Effectiveness
2018 – Present
Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium—digital or otherwise—that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.
These freely accessible text, media, and other digital assets are useful for teaching, learning, and assessing as well as for research purposes—this collaboration offers direct benefits to faculty and students at the 29 public higher education institutions in the Commonwealth.
In 2018–2019, UMass Amherst, Worcester State University, Holyoke Community College, and Northern Essex Community College led a collaborative project called “Massachusetts Open Education: Achieving Access for All,” funded by a Higher Education Innovation Fund grant. The project helped build OER capacity across the state and assessed the OER landscape at all public higher education institutions in Massachusetts. By gathering and analyzing data about current OER usage from each college to determine regional training needs, we were able to assist the project in achieving its goal of lowering overall costs for students, increasing student and faculty engagement, and ultimately improving college completion rates.
On October 22, 2019, the Board of Higher Education accepted the Final OER Report & Recommendations, Fall 2019 from the Commissioner’s OER Work Group and endorsed implementation of its recommendations, which are time-based (short-term, mid-term, and long-term), to address:
This effort was accomplished due to the strong and consistent advocacy of the Student Advisory Council.
The development and use of OER can create more equitable learning experiences for all students. In addition, OER closes equity gaps because it provides students who cannot afford required course materials access to the resources they need. Moreover, several studies affirm that OER use also improves student success outcomes.
The Center for Teaching and Learning (CTL) at the University of Georgia (UGA) began to encourage the use of OER in the summer of 2013. A study of faculty who taught large enrollment courses and were currently using an expensive textbook or textbook/technology package was conducted. For the more than 21,000 students involved in this study, not only did they enjoy significant savings using work mostly created by OpenStax, but there was also a positive impact on their learning. The study at the University of Georgia also showed a significant and positive impact on under-represented students:
When considering Federal Pell eligibility, we observed an increase in A through B+ letter grades and a decrease in B though DFW grades. A significant decrease in DFW rates for Pell-eligible students was found (a 4.43 percent change) when OER was adopted as the textbook for the class. This research [also] revealed significant differences in academic performance (average final grade) for both White and non-White students enrolled in OER courses. However, the magnitude in which non-White students’ grades improved is very compelling (Colvard, Watson, & Park, 2018, p. 272.)
These types of findings were echoed in the Achieving the Dream community college study where 48 percent of Pell Grant recipients and 52 percent of under-represented minorities said OER courses had a significant impact on their ability to afford college compared to 41 percent for other students (Ashford, 2018). When students have access to course learning materials, it positively affects their in-class performance leading to student success, persistence, and completion.
The results from the 2018 study were echoed again in the 2020 Achieving the Dream study conducted by their partners SRI Education and rpk GROUP (2020). This study involved eleven community colleges across the country. The average age of the study participants was 20. At least a third or more of the participating students were eligible for or had received a Pell grant. The proportion of students from historically under-represented ethnic minority groups ranged from 25 percent to 88 percent. “In 6 of the 11 colleges, treatment students1 taking OER courses accumulated significantly more course credits than those who had not taken any OER courses” (SRI International, 2020, p. 20). While the study did not find a significant impact on GPA by students taking OER courses, students maintained their GPAs despite taking more courses. Finally, “the number of credits earned by Pell students taking OER courses relative to their Pell-eligible peers was significantly higher than the number of credits earned by non-Pell-eligible students taking OER courses relative to their non-Pell-eligible peers” (SRI International, 2020, p. 23-24).
Additionally, the benefits for part-time students were equally compelling. Part-time students are often overlooked in higher education, and 71 percent are self-financing their education (Bombardieri, 2017). This population contains many of our under-represented students and tends to be concentrated at community colleges. The UGA study found a 53.12 percent increase in average course grades and a 29.54 percent decrease in DFW rates for part-time students (Colvard, Watson, & Park, 2018).
The Massachusetts Department of Higher Education joined the Open Education Network (OEN), a consortium of colleges and universities working to advance open textbook initiatives. OEN supports the Open Textbook Library, a searchable online catalog of complete textbooks available for faculty and students to freely use, adapt, and distribute to best meet the needs of their courses.
One of the benefits of OEN membership is that the DHE, in conjunction with OEN, will coordinate full-day “train-the-trainer” workshops that will be offered to OER Advisory Council members and their respective institutional OER faculty.
There were two well-attended Faculty OER training sessions recently held:
These workshops focused on:
View and download materials from the May 19/20 trainings here >
Faculty who attend an institutional training event will have the opportunity to review an open textbook and receive a $200 stipend. Faculty will have five to six weeks to complete the open textbook review. Details to be provided.
Other benefits include attendance at the OEN Summer Institute for statewide OER leaders, participation in their Google group, access to their Open Textbook Library, discounted institutional membership, and their data dashboard. We are excited about this continuing partnership for all our public institutions.
The OER Work Group was co-chaired by Marilyn Billings, Head, Scholarly Communications, University of Massachusetts Amherst and Susan Tashjian, Coordinator of Instructional Technology, Northern Essex Community College, who led a team of 21 individuals—comprised of librarians, faculty, administrators, students, and external representatives—from the UMass System, state universities, and community colleges. Their work resulted in a Final OER Report & Recommendations. Among those ten recommendations was the creation of a statewide OER Advisory Council and an OER Statewide Coordinator.
As a result of the October 2019 BHE vote, Dr. Robert J. Awkward from the DHE was designated the OER Statewide Coordinator and the statewide OER Advisory Council was convened, consisting of one representative from each of the 29 public institutions. The advisory council serves to expand OER use on campuses and to provide advice and counsel for OER implementation throughout Massachusetts. The statewide OER Advisory Council and the OER Statewide Coordinator will be responsible for implementing the short-term recommendations of the OER Work Group and developing plans, after conducting additional research, for how to implement the mid and long-term recommendations.
The following are the members of the statewide OER Advisory Council, recommended by their respective chancellor or president to serve to advance OER across the state and within their own campuses.
*Names in bold are from the OER Working Group
|OER Statewide Coordinator||Robert Awkward, Assistant Commissioner for Academic Effectivenessemail@example.com|
|DHE Executive Sponsor||Patricia A. Marshall, Deputy Commissioner for Academic Affairs & Student Successfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Student Advisory Council||Jorgo Gushi, SAC Chair & BHE Segmental Advisor (CC), Quinsigamong Community Collegeemail@example.com|
|Student Advisory Council||Cindy Mack, SAC Policy Chair, Massasoit Community Collegefirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Student Advisory Council||Niki Nguyen, SAC Vice Chair, Bunker Hill Community Collegeemail@example.com|
|Student Advisory Council: State University*||Kerry McManus, Fitchburg State Universityfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Employer Representative||Cherie Comeau, Sr. Manager, Leadership & Organization Development
Consigli Construction Co., Inc.
|Ex-Officio||Matt Noyes, Director of Trustee & Government Relationsemail@example.com|
|Ex-Officio||Kelly Jo Woodside, Massachusetts Library Systemsfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Ex-Officio||Stacy Bougie, Associate Director of External Relationsemail@example.com|
*This was designated for UMass System, but nobody responded to SAC Chair Gushi’s entreaties. Thus, the slot has been filled with a state university designee.
|Berkshire Community College||Karen Hines, Associate Professor, Businessfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Bristol Community College||Dr. Yashwant Sinha, Assistant Professor of Offshore Wind Energy||Yashwant.Sinha@bristolcc.edu|
|Bunker Hill Community College||Meghan Callahan, Associate Director, Academic Innovation & Distance Education
|Ceit De Vitto, AIDE Senior Special Programs Coordinatoremail@example.com|
|Cape Cod Community College||Catherine Sughrue Etter, Professor of Sciencefirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Greenfield Community College||Tim Dolan, Librarianemail@example.com|
|Holyoke Community College||Jessica Egan, Coordinator of Instructional Designfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|MassBay Community College||Bernadette Sibuma, Director of Online Learningemail@example.com|
|Massasoit Community College||Jesse Schreier, Coordinator of Institutional Technologyfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Middlesex Community College||Donna Maturi, Library Directoremail@example.com|
|Mount Wachusett Community College||Ellen Pratt, Librarianfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|North Shore Community College||Andrea Milligan, Director, Center for Teaching & Learningemail@example.com|
|Northern Essex Community College||Scott Joubert, Professor of Criminal Justicefirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Susan Tashjian, Coordinator of Instructional Technology,
OER Advisory Council Co-chair
|Quinsigamond Community College||Amy Beaudry, Professor of English & Academic Technology Facilitatoremail@example.com|
|Roxbury Community College||William Hoag, Library Directorfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Springfield Techincal Community College||Chelsea Contrada, Outreach & OER Librarianemail@example.com|
|Bridgewater State University||Jessica Birthisel, Associate Professor, Communications Studiesfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Fitchburg State University||Jacalyn Kremer, Dean of the Libraryemail@example.com|
|Framingham State University||Millie Gonzalez, Interim Dean of Library, OER Advisory Council Co-Chairfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|MassArt||Rachel Resnik, Technical Services Librarianemail@example.com|
|MCLA||Pamela Contakos, Digital Services Librarianfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Mass Maritime||Carolyn Michaud, Access Services Manageremail@example.com|
|Salem State University||Elizabeth McKeigue, Dean of the Libraryfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Westfield State University||Tom Raffensperger, Dean of Information Services & Library Directoremail@example.com|
|Worcester State University||Matt Bejune, Executive Director of the Libraryfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|UMass Amherst||Marilyn Billings, Head, Office of Scholarly Communications
|UMass Boston||Apurva Mehta, Associate Chief Information Officer||Apurva.Mehta@umb.edu|
|UMass Dartmouth||Dawn Gross, Interim Library Deanemail@example.com|
|UMass Lowell||Donna Mellen, Associate Director of Academic Technology||Donna_Mellen@uml.edu|
|UMass Medical||Regina Raboin, Associate Library Director||Regina.Raboin@umassmed.edu|
The advisory council generally meets monthly during the academic year (September—May), but may meet more or less frequently as determined by the OER Statewide Coordinator.
June 21, 2021
September 14, 2020
Download: Agenda OER Student Ambassador Duties UTA Student Satisfaction Survey Texas Board of Higher Ed Repository Announcement OER Course Flagging Survey Results & Recommendations Equity Key Performance Indicators
April 8, 2020
Download: Agenda New England OER Landscape Presentation Student Advisory Council OER Initiative Presentation